Here is a much more accurate article than the one you posted. Col Cal
Hutto is my boss. Having worked this personnaly for the last 4 years, this
captures the entire program much better. We prepared Gen Lord for his
testimony at this same meeting and he did fine. The criticism of Teets is
focused on the fact that he has been named the lead for consolidating the
DoD Space Cadre. Of course, the USAF Space Cadre is the largest of the
services, at last count: USAF ~ 10000, Army ~ 850, Navy ~ 450, Marines ~ 19.
We have some units that are larger than other services Cadres!
We are working closely with the other services and Teets' office to
eliminate redundancies and cooperate on education courses. Another big goal
is to enhance our Space Culture and a Space Warrior Ethos, something that
doesn't happen overnight. Progress is being made, but we still have a ways
to go. This article is in this week's AW&ST. Thanks, Jim, JBurling@scitor.com
MOLDING SPACE WARRIORS
A program of education, training and experience aims to shape U.S. milspace
elites Aviation Week & Space Technology, July 26, 2004
By William B. Scott, Colorado Springs
U.S. Air Force Space Command is identifying approximately 10,000 USAF
officer, enlisted and civilian personnel who will form a professional "space
cadre"--tomorrow's milspace experts and leaders.
The initiative is in response to the so-called Rumsfeld Space Commission's
2001 report, which noted: "The [Defense Dept.] is not yet on course to
develop the space cadre the nation needs." The report faulted a weak space
culture characterized by unfocused career-development, and found a need for
relevant education and training "to develop and sustain a cadre of highly
competent and motivated military and civilian space professionals."
During the last two years, a dedicated AFSPC task force set up a
human-resource management and educational infrastructure that enables
identification of certain skills and experience, and established a logical
career-development path for cadre members. In short, the command is
preparing to "grow its own" space professionals, according to an officer
Last month, Lt. Gen. Norton A. Schwartz, U.S. Joint Staff director of
operations, criticized the milspace community for a space officer's actions
that led to "unintended consequences" during recent combat operations (AW&ST
July 5, p. 30). Although details have not been disclosed, AFSPC officials
suggested that the incident's actual impact on combat campaigns "is a matter
of perception." They would not discuss whether the event in question
involved "space" or "information operations," either. Regardless, it focused
considerable attention on AFSPC plans for cultivating a "space warrior
The general's stinging comments were taken as a backhanded validation that
milspace specialists and operators have, indeed, made the leap to "warrior"
status. Few now question that today's space capabilities are essential for
successful land, sea and air combat operations.
Schwartz and other critics may be a bit premature, though. Historically, it
has taken about 20 years for any new military community to develop its own
cadre of specialists and leaders. In the late 1960s, the intercontinental
ballistic missile force was populated by ex-B-47 bomber navigators, not
seasoned "missile warfighters."
Only in recent years have officers who started their careers in underground
missile launch silos reached top command levels.
AFSPC commander Gen. Lance Lord is one of those officers. He notes: "This
[space] command was formed in 1982. We're now 22 years old [and] have
colonels and generals-to-be who have grown up in the command. We used to
bring people in from the outside . . . but we will [now] be able to grow our
To that end, the nascent cadre is being drawn from space professionals in
USAF active-duty, reserve and civilian forces. Initially, people with
expertise in nine categories will be assigned Space Experience Codes
(Specs), which provide more management visibility for career development
purposes than USAF's long-standing Air Force Specialty Codes. The nine
categories and associated experience comprise:
*Satellite Systems--navigation (GPS), communication spacecraft and the
satellite control network. These are "people who know something about flying
satellites," said Col. Cal Hutto, AFSPC chief of force development and
readiness. *Nuclear--primarily ICBMs. *Spacelift--launch vehicles and
ranges. *ISR (intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance)--Space-Based
Radar, environmental-sensing aircraft and most classified systems under
National Reconnaissance Office purview. *Kinetic Effects--primarily missile
defense. *Space Warfare Command and Control--the process of integrating
space across other warfighting operations. Those having experience serving
as space officers in Air Operations Centers would have this code.
*Warning--space- and ground-based missile warning and fusion systems. *Space
Control--systems and strategies associated with defensive and offensive
counterspace operations. *Space "Other"--research labs and other
space-related programs and experience. "[Specs] give us the capability to
measure our breadth and depth [of skills and experience]," Hutto explained.
A fighter pilot's career experience provides an illustrative analogy. A
pilot who's flown the T-38, F-16 and F-117 would have a three-aircraft
breadth of experience. The number of hours flown on each type is a measure
of expertise or depth of experience.
"This will be able to identify who's in the [space cadre] inventory and what
their skills are, so we can say: 'Here's our point of departure. What do we
have to do to fully develop this person?' This [categorization] is a
critical first step," Lord says.
The cadre's career-development process leans heavily on education,
encompassing numerous courses for both operators and acquisition
specialists. For example, the Space 100 course--which will be fully up and
running in October--is a six-week overview of space principles and systems,
aimed at a junior person newly assigned to a space-related job. Space
200--taught at the Space Warfare Center (SWC) here--is a four-week session
for mid-grade people, and focuses on operational issues.
It covers "how you take requirements and build a satellite, [then] fly . . .
and fight with that system," Hutto says.
Finally, Space 300, taught at the SWC's Space Operations School, will be
aimed at personnel in the 14-15th years of their career, preparing them for
senior leadership roles. Covering strategic subjects such as policy and
doctrine, the first prototype courses will begin in October 2005.
Achieving three distinct levels of education, training and experience
requirements will lead to certification of cadre members. A certified space
professional will be awarded a unique badge attesting to his or her
accomplishments and experience.
"We'll have a new badge that will unify this business," Lord says. "It will
be awarded as a result of a certification process [and] will be like [pilot]
wings. Once you're certified, you get to wear it [throughout a career].
It'll be distinctive." Time and experience in a space-related field will add
a star, then a wreath to the badge.
Final USAF headquarters approval of the space-badge concept is pending.
Ultimately, this carefully crafted "space professional development" process
will create a body of skilled, experienced people who will both operate
complex milspace systems and groom well-qualified leaders.
"Once we have this [system in place], we can look into the future and say:
'I need 100 majors with space control experience.' A look at the inventory
[might show] that we only have 50 captains with that experience," Hutto
says. "Knowing that, we can work with 'force development' to make sure we
have an inventory large enough to fill that future requirement. That's space
"Looking back at our past, our inventory of skills has been pretty good. But
our use of [them] hasn't been too good, because we didn't have the insight
to what those skills were."
The command has about $9 million this year to fund education and space cadre
development efforts. Funding levels are slated to increase to about $22
million by the end of the current five-year defense plan.